Your PhD Research Material and Plagiarism
Basically, PhD degree program requires you to do a lot of research on your specified subject of interest. Your research will serve as the culmination of your years of studying in the higher level of education. This is why, your research materials should all be authentic or should be free from plagiarism. As Wikipedia defines, plagiarism is the close imitation, wrongful appropriation, or publication of the thoughts, language, expressions or ideas of other authors and representing them as one’s original work. According to the American Association of University Professors, plagiarism takes over the methods, concepts, or written words of another author without giving due respect or recognition. Plagiarism can be manifested in various ways and not just concentrated to published articles or books or student papers.
In academia, plagiarism can be committed by professors, students, or researchers considering it an academic fraud or academic dishonesty. It is noted that offenders or those who commit plagiarism are being subjected to academic censure and is punishable by failing grade, suspension or worst expulsion from school.
With the advent of technological advancements these days, recognizing whether a research work is plagiarized can be done instantly. The main reason why many students are caught having their research plagiarize is the fact that they are not aware of the acceptable or the standard writing practices. It is even a common practice for researchers to perform some rephrase as well as republish their academic research to various journals and newspaper articles, and to distribute their work to probable public with interest to the subject matter. Peer review then is deemed necessary to avoid recycling of research work that may result to rejection. However, there are instances when reuse of published research materials is justified. Among these excuses are when the previous work should be restated for the second work’s contribution; when the portions of this work needs to be repeated to deal with the new arguments or evidence, when the audience for each work differs to disseminate the message clearly, and when the author thinks that there will be no sense anymore when they write again what they have written in the first instance.
This holds true in your PhD research work as you will be dealing more on intensive research. In this case, you really have to know the ethics of writing that includes the avoidance of plagiarism, self-plagiarism, as well as the other questionable practices associated to writing. Plagiarism here may even become a critical form of ethical writing standard. This is why; it is generally addressed in all artistic, scholarly, and scientific disciplines. Meanwhile, many there are many professional guides assuming that the user already familiarized the concept. Some of the commonly used guides for writing research do not really provide certain plagiarism sections, although attribution instruction is almost always given. Meanwhile, providers of writing coverage tend to fail to go beyond the fundamental generalities on this type of transgression.
Moreover, there are only two major types in scholarly writing such as in PhD research though it can take in various forms.
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